Tennis Injuries

Tennis Injuries

tennis injuries

Tennis is a sport that requires cardiovascular endurance, strength, speed, agility, balance, flexibility, joint range of motion, and hand-eye coordination.

Tennis is a game where the body is required to rapidly accelerate and decelerate, move laterally, and move forwards and backwards in a short period of time.

Due to the agility requirements, the core and lower body joints are placed under a fairly high amount of stress. In addition, tennis places a fairly high level of stress on the upper body as well, especially the shoulder, elbow, and wrist joints.

Overall, the impact of playing tennis on a hard surface, combined with aggressively moving around the court and striking the ball from awkward positions placed the entire body under stress and hence, susceptible to injury.

Below is a list of common tennis injuries.

Achilles Tendonitis

Achilles Tendonitis typically occurs when a repetitive stress is placed on the tendon and gradually causes the tendon to become inflamed.

Achilles Tendon Rupture

The Achilles Tendon connects the calf muscles to the heel. A rupture can occur when the tendon is placed under a high tension.

ACL/PCL Injuries

Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligaments cross each other in an X shape and provide stability to the knee when flexing and extending.

Ankle Sprains

Ankle Sprains occur through a twisting motion or a movement that causes the ankle to roll, causing minor tears in the ankle ligaments.

Athlete’s Foot

Athlete’s Foot is a fungus growth that can occur on the feet and rapidly spread when the feet are exposed to a moist warm environment.

Backaches and Stress

Backaches may often occur from excess stress originating from the spine, muscles or nerves of the back region. Backaches due to stress may be a precursor to chronic lower back pain, and should therefore be taken seriously.

Back Sprains and Strains

Back Sprains and Strains are extremely common and can in range in severity from a dull pain to a highly acute sharp pain.


Blisters are typically caused by friction between the skin and a surface and produces a fluid filled sacs on the surface of the skin.

Bursitis of the Elbow

Bursitis of the Elbow typically occurs when the elbow experiences a high force impact or from long term overuse of the elbow joint.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome typically occurs through repetitive movements and is an irritation of the synovial membranes of the wrist and hand.

Cartilage Injuries and Knee Disorders

Cartilage Injuries are related to damage and/or loss of cartilage that cause debilitating pain, stiffness and swelling of the knee area.


Chondromalacia is damage to the cartilage located under the kneecap and if left untreated can lead to severe degeneration.

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness

Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness is believed to be due to inflammation caused by muscle damage, however, it is not fully understood.

Frozen Shoulder

Frozen Shoulder occurs when the the shoulder joint capsules becomes irritated and inflamed.

Glenohumeral Arthritis

Glenohumeral Arthritis may occur when the glenohumeral articular surfaces of the humeral head or the glenoid are damaged.

Hamstrings Pull or Tears

Hamstrings Pull or Tear injuries are related to continuous running where quick accelerations, decelerations and sudden turns are made.

Iliotibial Band Syndrome

Iliotibial Band Syndrome is related to the iliotibial band becoming irritated and inflamed and causing pain throughout the entire knee area.

Low Back Pain

Low Back Pain is quite common and can be reduced by maintaining a healthy weight and strong back, oblique, and abdominal muscles.

Medial & Lateral Collateral Ligament

Medial and Lateral Collateral Ligament tears can occur when the lower leg is forced sideways causing the ligament to buckle.

Meniscus Injuries of the Knee

Meniscus Injuries of the Knee are evident by inflammation and pain assocaited with the outside and/or inside of the knee area.

Muscle Cramps

Muscle Cramps typically occur within the muscles of the lower portion of the body and are involuntary muscle contractions and spasms.

Muscle Sprains and Strains

Muscle Sprains and Strains are injuries associated with the ligament that connects bone to bone (Sprain) or connects muscle to bone (Strain).

Muscle Strains of the Back

Muscle Strains of the Back occur when the muscle fibers of the back are overly stretched and/or torn causing acute pain and soreness.

Neck Strain

Neck Sprain injuries are related to overstretching or tearing the neck muscles or the ligaments that connect to the cervical vertebrae.

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis of the Knee is the degeneration of the cartilage within the knee joint that is located between the femur and tibia bones.

Overtraining Syndrome

Overtraining Syndrome occurs in individuals that do not allow their body the necessary time to recover from an aggressive exercise routine.

Patellar Tendonitis & Ruptured Tendons

Patellar Tendonitis and Ruptured Tendons (aka Jumper’s Knee) involve the tendon that connects the patella to the tibia bone.

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome

Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome is related to the way the patella tracks and moves along the groove of the femur bone.

Piriformis Syndrome

Piriformis Syndrome is defined as the piriformis muscle pressing on the sciatic nerve and is located inside the the pelvis.

Plantar Fasciitis

Plantar Fasciitis is the inflammation of the plantar fascia, a thick fibrous band of tissue located on the bottom surface of the foot.

Pulled or Strained Calf Muscle

Pulled or Strained Calf Muscle occurs when part of the soleus or gastrocnemius muscles of the lower leg are torn from the Achilles tendon.

Rotator Cuff Tendonitis

Rotator Cuff Tendinitis tyically occurs when the rotator cuff muscles and tendons undergo repetitive chronic stress.

Shin Splints

Shin Splints injuries are generally due to an accumulation of repetitive stress on the front of the lower leg where the shin bone is located.

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome

Shoulder Impingement Syndrome occurs when the muscles, tendons and the bursa of the shoulder become inflamed and swollen.

Shoulder Separation

Shoulder Separation injuries involve the stretching or tearing of ligaments at the AC joint, where the clavicle bone connects to the scapula.

Stress Fracture of the Foot

Stress Fractures can occur when an overload of stress is placed on the foot, resulting in small fractures of the toe or metatarsal bones.

Tendonitis of the Wrist

Torn Rotator Cuff injuries produce considerable pain in the shoulder joint area when attempting to lift, lower, or rotate the arm.

Tennis Elbow

Tennis Elbow can occur through repetitive activity that involves either a constant motion involving the elbow or heavy lifting with the elbow joint.

Torn Rotator Cuff

Torn Rotator Cuff injuries produce considerable pain in the shoulder joint area when attempting to lift, lower, or rotate the arm.

Wrist Sprains

Wrist Strains are the result of an impact that causes the ligaments that connect bone to bone to overstretch and develop minor tears.

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