Neck And Shoulder Injuries

neck and shoulder injury

Neck And Shoulder Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Neck and Shoulder The shoulder area consists of three bones: the clavicle, the scapula and the humerus. Where the head of the humerus connects into the glenoid fossa of the lateral scapula is the classic ball and socket glenohumeral joint which is primarily responsible for the…

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Leg Injuries

leg injury

Leg Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Leg The lower leg is particularly unique in that no part of the lower leg can work independently – meaning that the entire lower leg must work together regardless of the required movement. The lower leg contains only two bones: The tibia is the larger medial bone and…

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Knee Injuries

knee injury

Knee Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Knee The knee joint provides classic flexion and extension hinge movement. The joint is composed of four bones – the femur thigh bone, the tibia, the fibula and the patella, otherwise known as the kneecap. The junction of all four of these bones is covered in articular cartilage…

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Hip And Groin Injuries

hip and groin injury

Hip And Groin Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Hip and Groin The hip and groin area is the most stable joint section in the body. The hip is a true ball and socket joint providing excellent mobility while still acting as the primary weight bearing sector of the body. The hip consists of three…

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Head Injuries

head injury

Head Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Head The head consists of a total of 22 bones. This total can be categorized into 8 cranial bones and 14 facial bones. The primary function for both cranial and facial bones is to provide protection for the brain and the vital senses that include vision, taste, hearing,…

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Hand and Wrist Injuries

hand and wrist injury

Hand and Wrist Injuries   Anatomy and Physiology of the Hand and Wrist   The hand and wrist areas of the body form a complex intersection that provides synchronized movement and functionality that is critical to performing everyday tasks. At the farthest point of the hand and wrist anatomy, each finger contains three bones that…

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Foot And Ankle Injuries

foot and ankle injury

Foot And Ankle Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Foot and Ankle The foot and ankle is an intricate combination of 26 bones, 33 joints, over 100 various muscles, tendons and ligaments as well as a working interconnection of blood vessels and nerves. The foot can be divided up into three essential sections: The forefoot…

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Elbow Injuries

elbow injury

Elbow Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Elbow The elbow joint is essentially a junction of three bones. It consists of the upper arm bone called the humerus, the medial forearm called the ulna and the lateral forearm called the radius. The bones are supported by three main ligaments: the medial collateral, the lateral collateral…

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Back Injuries

back injury

Back Injuries Anatomy and Physiology of the Back The human back is a remarkable collection of muscles, ligaments, tendons, nerves, and bones that are designed to be strong enough to protect our central nervous system while being flexible enough to allow normal body movement. The back is divided up into three critical sections: The upper…

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