Shoulder Dislocation

Shoulder Dislocation

Description Of The Injury: The shoulder joint is the most commonly dislocated joint in the human body. This joint is where the ball of the humerus attaches to the socket of the scapula. Shoulder dislocations usually are caused by an acute physical impact, often from collisions in contact sports, that causes the ball of the humerus to pop out of the socket. Tears to nearby cartilage, ligaments, and muscles usually occur at the same time.

Injury Symptoms: Primary symptoms include considerable pain in the shoulder joint area. This will be accompanied by local tenderness, swelling, inflammation and bruising. The top of the shoulder area may feel mushy, as the humerus is no longer located in the socket.

Additional Information

Home Treatments:

Usually, a shoulder dislocation cannot be treated at home. Initial care can be performed by placing the shoulder on a makeshift sling and taking non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs to reduce the pain and inflammation. No attempt at popping the shoulder back into place should be made. Professional treatment should be sought out immediately.

Professional Medical Treatments:

A doctor will be able to successfully place the ball of the humerus back into the socket via a reduction procedure. Cortisone injections may be administered to reduce inflammation. A shoulder sling will be needed to immobilize the shoulder for several weeks. After wards, physical therapy may be recommended.

Physical Therapy and Exercises:

Shoulder shrugs, supine punches and pendulum swings will initially allow you to slowly regain range of motion of the shoulder. Later on, adduction, abduction, flexion, extension and rotation exercises using dumbbells and resistance bands will strengthen the shoulder joint through the entire range of motion.

Exercise Techniques to Prevent Injury:

Even though shoulder dislocations only occur from abrupt physical impacts, general strength of the shoulder area should be maintained to help reduce the risk of injury. This involves performing overhead presses with weights. Additionally, front raises, lateral raises and rear lateral raises with dumbbells will help strengthen the muscles and tendons

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