Description Of The Injury: Broken or knocked out tooth usually occur due to a fall or an impact when playing a contact sport. While teeth are exceptionally strong, they can still chip, fracture or break completely when a hard enough traumatic impact occurs. Some tooth injuries may not hurt at all, while others, especially those that expose nerves, may cause excruciating pain.
Injury Symptoms: The signs of a broken or knocked out tooth will be extremely evident. The entire, or a portion of, the tooth will be missing. It will be accompanied by bleeding and swelling and inflammation of the nearby gum.
At home treatment of a broken or knocked out tooth will involve basic first aid principles. The dislodged portion of the tooth should be kept in a contained with a small amount of saliva or whole milk. The tooth should only be handled by the edge that is used to chew food. Blood should be contained by applying direct pressure on the area with gauze. Later on, apply a cold compress on the affected gum area to reduce inflammation and pain. Common pain relievers will also be quite beneficial.
Professional Medical Treatments:
Professional help should be sought immediately if you suspect the injury to have exposed vulnerable nerve tissue. If there is also jaw pain or an inability to functionally use the jaw, you should contact a medical professional immediately. A dentist may be able to cement the broken tooth back together for use. Root canal treatment may be needed or a filling may have to be done by your dentist.
Physical Therapy and Exercises:
Fractured and broken teeth are due to acute impacts usually and do not require physical therapy or exercises for complete recovery. The affected area should not be used for chewing or clenching until your dentist has said so or until inflammation and pain have subsided.
Exercise Techniques to Prevent Injury:
Primary prevention of broken teeth involve maintaining an adequate amount of calcium in your daily dietary intake as well as using a mouth guard when playing contact sports.